Are you at risk?

Do you know your risk factors when it comes to age-related macular degeneration (ARMD), the leading cause of vision loss in Canadians over the age of 50? There are many known risk factors for developing age-related macular degeneration, some of which you can control. It’s especially important for patients with a family history to start considering lifestyle modifications early on, as they have a 4 times great risk of developing ARMD.

Non-Modifiable Risk Factors for age-related macular degeneration

  • A Family History of Age-Related Macular Degeneration
  • Age 50+
  • Female > Males
  • Light coloured eyes
  • Ethnicity - Caucasians are at the greatest risk

Modifiable Risk Factors for age-related macular degeneration

  • Smoking Cigarettes
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Uncontrolled high blood pressure
  • Elevated cholesterol levels
  • Being Overweight
  • Eating fatty foods
  • A diet low in fresh fruits & vegetables
  • A diet low in omega-3
  • Living a sedentary lifestyle
  • Excessive sunlight exposure

Before you get caught, please talk to your optometrist about age-related macular degeneration and what you can do to reduce your overall risk. Annual eye exams by an optometrist may also help to detect the early warning signs of age-related macular degeneration and ensure timely intervention.